The statue of Sándor Petőfi shows us one of the main characters of the revolution and freedom fight for our independence in 1848/1849.
In 1956 Hungarians started another revolution against the Soviet occupation of the country.
- The underground site (under glass) holds the remains of an ancient Roman fortress.
The eastern border of the Roman Empire was the Danube which means only the right bank of the river was within the Roman province of Pannonia.
From the end of the 3rd century – to be more accurate from 296 – this fortress – which was 84 x 86 metres wide and had walls of 3,5 meters thick and ten meters high – served as an outpost of the nearby town of Aquincum, as the name indicates.
It is a fact that Emperor Julian, and even Constantine the Great visited the fortress once.
The square itself was renovated in 2010-2011 in a lovely manner and gave a city a new venue to meet and enjoy a bit of sunlight during the lunch break.
The handrails around the peepholes to the ruins are a later addition.
Make sure you look out for the line of the Danube carved in the stone pavement, with Roman fortresses alongside.
This line is also part of the 2010-2011 renovation project, and shows all those fortresses which once kept the Romans enemies away from Pannonia.
- This statue shows us one of the main characters of the revolution and freedom fight for our independence in 1848/1849, the famous poet at the age of 25 reciting his patriotic poem: Sándor Petőfi.
His poem the National Song inspired the revolution as well.
Today there are 18 streets and squares named after Sándor petőfi in Budapest, besides a museum, a bridge, an army camp, a radio channel and much more.
The square and the statue itself had a great importance during an other revolution of the Hungarian history in 1956 against the Soviet occupation of the country.
The university students of the city held a peaceful demonstration on 23rd October, 1956 at the statue, it was the starting point of the revolution itself.
A famous actor of the time, Imre Sinkovits recited the poem of Petőfi, the National Song.
This way the figure of Petőfi and his most famous poem connects two centuries and two different revolutions of Hungary with each other.
- In the early 18th century there were lot of Greek merchants in Pest and soon they decided to build their own church in town in the early 19th century. This large group of Greek merchants formerly in Budapest were enthusiastic patrons of architecture.
The Greek orthodox church with a Baroque style (built 1791-1794) is a great example for this statement.
Its southern spire was demolished in World War 2 during the siege of Budapest among the German/Hungarian troops and the Soviets.
There were a great damage inside the church as well for example the Soviets used the building as a horse stall which was a common fate of the churches during that period of the history.
After the World War 2 during the Soviet occupation the Russian Church got the building from the Greeks and the church became a famous meeting point for the Russian minority, even Soviet politicians visited the church wile staying here in Budapest.
In 2006 the present leader of the country, Vladimir Putin visited the church as well.
The simple version of the southern spire was finally rebuilt in 2009-2010.
Nowadays services are usually conducted in Hungarian and accompanied by singing.